Biologische Psychologie 2

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Vorlesung an der Universität Wien

deutsche Zusammenfassung von Datei:Pinel.pdf

Inhaltsverzeichnis

VO Silani

Temporal lobe amnesia is characterized by

  • deficit of episodic memory (*)
  • deficit of implicit memory
  • deficit of semantic memory
  • none of them


Korsakoff Syndrom Amnesia is due to lesion to

  • basal forebrain
  • amygdala
  • diencephalon (*)
  • striatum

Object recognition in animal models is studies with

  • Morris water maze test
  • radial arm maze test
  • Mumby box (*)
  • Pinel box


Electroconvulsive shock has been used for studying

  • memory consolidation (*)
  • memory retrieval
  • none of them
  • all of them


Long term potention (LTP) occurs when

  • presynaptic cells fire
  • postsynaptic cells fire
  • none of them (*)
  • pre- and postsynaptic cells are silent


Which method is used to investigate lateralization of brain functions?

  • Wada Test
  • Brain imaging techniques
  • Dichotic listening
  • all of them (*)


Split brain refers to a condition in which:

  • Personality disorders are present
  • Brain commissures are disrupted (*)
  • Thalamic connections are disrupted
  • Visual scotoma is present


Wernicke's aphasia is characterized by:

  • Good comprehension and articulation, impaired repetition
  • Good comprehension and impaired articulation
  • Impaired comprehension and good articulation (*)
  • It doesn't exist


Development Dyslexia is:

  • aquired deficit in reading
  • genetic deficit in reading (*)
  • acquired deficit in writing
  • genetic deficit in writing


Which brain region show reduced activation in Dyslexics compared to controls during reading task?

  • Broca's area
  • Wernicke's area
  • Inferior temporal-occipital junction (*)
  • Corpus callosum


Which portion of the brain was lesioned in the famous case of Phineal Gage?

  • Medial frontal lobe (*)
  • Medial temporal lobe
  • Medial parietal lobe
  • Medial occipital lobe

Which of those emotions is not recognized as to be universal?

  • Pride
  • Sadness
  • Guilt (*)
  • Surprise


According to Cannon - Bard theory

  • Emotions are by-product of physiological arousal
  • Emotions are by-product of cognitive processing of threatening stimulus
  • None of them
  • Both of them (*)


Alexithymia is characterized by

  • Deficit in social cognition
  • Deficit in emotional awareness (*)
  • Deficit in theory of mind
  • All of them


Which brain region plays a crucial role in emotional awareness and empathy?

  • Thalamus
  • Amygdala
  • Anterior insula (*)
  • Posterior insula


Our body stores energy in the forms of fat:

  • 65%
  • 75%
  • 55%
  • 85% (*)


Glucagon is high during

  • cephalic phase
  • absorptive phase
  • fasting phase (*)
  • cephalic and absorptive phase


Lesions to the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) cause

  • hyperphagia (*)
  • aphagia
  • adipsia
  • all of them


ob/ob mice lack in

  • insulina
  • glucagon
  • leptin (*)
  • serotonin


which of those criteria is not associated to diagnosis of Anorexia

  • refusal to maintain a minimum of body weight
  • recurrent episode of binge eating
  • amenorrhea for more than 3 months
  • none of them (*)


Which of those is not usually classified as endocrine gland?

  • thyroid
  • thymus
  • kidney (*)
  • testes

Differentiation of reproductive ducts takes place:

  • 6 weeks after fertilization
  • 2 months after fertilization
  • 3 months after fertilization (*)
  • 4 months after fertilization

Progestins are:

  • sex steroids (*)
  • gonads
  • peptides
  • none of them


Aromatization is the process of conversion of

  • Prenatal estradiol in testosterone
  • prenatal testosterone in estradiol (*)
  • prenatal progesteron in testosterone
  • prenatal progesteron in estradiol


Research has been showed that Oxytocin

  • decrease trust in humans
  • decrease risk behaviour in humans
  • increase risk behaviour in humans
  • increase trust in humans (*)


Attachment style in infant are studied by using

  • anne and sally task
  • smarties task
  • strange situation task (*)
  • adult attachment interview


Securo base priming induce

  • higher prosocial behavior (*)
  • higher distress
  • lower empathy
  • lower compassion


sleep spindle characterize which sleep stage

  • stage 1
  • stage 2 (*)
  • stage 3
  • stage 4


We dream mainly in

  • REM sleep (*)
  • NREM sleep
  • SWS sleep
  • daytime


Alternation of the light-dark circadian cycle is caused by lesion of the visual path

  • before the optic chiasma (*)
  • after the optic chiasma
  • both of them
  • none of them

Which of these brain structures has been associated to spatial memory?

  • Rhynal cortex
  • Perirhynal cortex
  • Hippocampus (*)
  • Amygdala


Striatum has been linked to

  • Learning and habit formation (*)
  • Working memory
  • Emotional memory
  • Processing of temporal order of event


Which of these elements don’t belong to a set-point system?

  • set-point mechanism
  • detector mechanism
  • inhibitor mechanism (*)
  • effector mechanism


Glucagon promotes

  • utilization of blood glucose and source of energy
  • conversion of amino acids to protein
  • conversion of glycogen to glucose (*)
  • storage of glycogen in muscles


Orchidectomy is

  • removal of ovaries
  • removal of testes (*)
  • removal of gonads
  • removal of uterus


Differences in cortical thickness between men and women have been found

  • Prefrontal cortex
  • Temporo-parietal junction
  • Occipital cortex
  • All of them (*)

Which hormone is involved in regulation of the circadian sleep cycle?

  • oxytocin
  • vasopression
  • prolactin
  • melatonin (*)


Delta waves are prevalent in which stage of sleep?

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4 (*)

Which neurotransmitter is involved in reward and addiction

  • Serotonin
  • Noradrenalin
  • Dopamin (*)
  • Glutamate


Cessation of the assumption of a drug is followed by

  • Withdrawal (*)
  • Tolerance
  • Sensitization
  • Habituation


Broca’s aphasia is characterized by

  • Good comprehension and articulation, impaired repetition
  • Good comprehension and impaired articulation (*)
  • Impaired comprehension and good articulation
  • All of them


Which region oft the brain shows anatomical asymmetry

  • Inferior temporal cortex
  • Planum temporale (*)
  • Superior temporal sulcus
  • Middle frontal gyrus


Mirror neurons respond during

  • Observation of „intentional“ actions
  • Execution of „intentional“ actions
  • Both of them (*)
  • None of them


Anterior Insula is associated to

  • Interoception (*)
  • Introspection
  • Metacognition
  • Theory of Mind

Monamine oxidase inhibitors were used for the cure of

  • Schizophrenia
  • Depression (*)
  • Anxiety
  • Tourette


Which of these symptome doesn’t characterize schizophrenia

  • Hallucination
  • Catatonia
  • Anhedonia (*)
  • Disorganized behavior


Which attachment style would be associated to the following sentence „ I worry about being alone“?

  • Secure
  • Preoccupied (*)
  • Dismissing
  • None oft hem


Which hormone is involved in attachment

  • Oxytocin (*)
  • Vasopressin
  • Prolactin
  • Melatonin


Alzheimer Amnesia is due to lesion to

  • Basal forebrain (*)
  • Amygdala
  • Diencephalon
  • Striatum


Lesion to the lateral hypothalamus cause

  • Hyperphagia
  • Insomnia
  • Adipsia (*)
  • All of them


Carousel apparatus has been used to study

  • Spatial memory
  • Anxiety
  • Sleep deprivation (*)
  • Stress

Which of these is classified as endcrine gland?

  • Thyroid
  • Thymus
  • Testes
  • All of them (*)

Pleasure center in the brain is associated to

  • Nigrostriatal pathway
  • Mesocorticolimbic pathway (*)
  • Basal ganlia-thalamus-cortex pathway
  • Hypothalamus-septum pathway


Development Dysgraphia is

  • Acquired deficit in reading
  • Genetic deficit in reading
  • Acquired deficit in writing
  • Genetic deficit in writing (*)


According to James-Lang theory

  • Emotions are by-product of physiological arousal (*)
  • Emotions are by-product of cognitive procession of threating stimulus
  • None of them
  • Both of them


Spiroperidol is used for the cure of

  • Schizophrenia (*)
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Tourette


Which of these questionnaires doesn’t assess attachment style?

  • IRI (*)
  • ECR
  • RSQ
  • AAI


PR Silani 24.06.2010

Zeitgebers are

  • Environmental cues that regulate circadian cycles (*)
  • Brain structures that regulate circadian cycles
  • Hormones that regulate circadian cycles
  • Neurotransmitters that regulate circadian cycles


Alexithymia is often associated with

  • William syndrome
  • Dowm syndrome
  • Tourette syndrome
  • Autistic syndrome (*)


The Nucleus accumbens is involved in

  • Sleep
  • Language
  • Hunger
  • Reward (*)


Body weight regulation is best explained by

  • Positive –Incentive models
  • Set- Point models
  • Pavlovian Conditioning models
  • Settling-Points models (*)


Which portion of the brain was lesioned in the famous case of Phineas Gage

  • lateral frontal lobe
  • medial frontal lobe (*)
  • lateral parietal lobe
  • medial parietal lobe


According to the James - Lange theory

  • Emotions are a by-product of physiological arousal (*)
  • Emotions are a by-product cognitive processing of threatening stimuli
  • None of them
  • Both of them


Glucagon promotes

  • utilization of blood glucose as source of energy for the body
  • conversion of amino acids to protein
  • conversion of glycogen to glucose (*)
  • storage of glycogen in muscles


Broca’s aphasia is characterized by

  • Good comprehension and articulation, impaired repetition
  • Good comprehension and impaired articulation (*)
  • Impaired comprehension and good articulation
  • Impaired comprehension and articulation


Which psychophysiological correlate of sleep is commonly recorded

  • EEG
  • EOG
  • EMG
  • All of them (*)


Aromatization is the process of conversion of

  • prenatal estradiol in testosterone
  • prenatal testosterone in estradiol (*)
  • prenatal progesteron in testosterone
  • prenatal progesteron in estradiol


Energy storage in our body in the form of proteins amounts to

  • 0.5%
  • 14.5% (*)
  • 24.5%
  • 54%


Oxytocin is released in

  • Anterior pituitary
  • Posterior pituitary (*)
  • Anterior pineal
  • Posterior pineal


Gonadotropin is released by

  • Anterior pituitary (*)
  • Posterior pituitary
  • Anterior pineal
  • Posterior pineal


Monoamine oxidase inhibitors have been used for the treatment of

  • Schyzophrenia
  • Depression (*)
  • Anxiety
  • Tourette


Tourette syndrome seems to be related to a dysregulation of

  • Dopamine (*)
  • Serotonin
  • Acetylcholine
  • Glutamate


Which of these region has been associated with early bilingualism in the study of Mechelli

  • Left inferior parietal cortex (*)
  • Right inferior parietal cortex
  • Left inferior temporal cortex
  • Right inferior temporal cortex


In the study of Paulesu et al. which brain region shows reduced activation in Dyslexics compared to Controls during a reading task

  • Broca’s area
  • Inferior Temporo-Occipital junction (*)
  • Wernicke’s area
  • Corpus Callosum


Mirror neurons respond during

  • Observation of “intentional” actions
  • Execution of “intentional” actions
  • Both of them (*)
  • None of them


Which method is not used to investigate lateralization of brain functions

  • Wada test
  • Dichotic listening
  • Electroconvulsive shock (*)
  • Brain imaging techniques


Delta waves are prevalent in which stage of sleep

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4 (*)


Which attachment style definition would be associated with the following sentence “I worry about being alone”

  • Secure
  • Preoccupied (*)
  • Dismissing
  • None of them


Cholecystokinin is a

  • Hunger peptide
  • Satiety peptide (*)
  • Sexual peptide
  • Steroid


Which of these brain structures has been associated to spatial memory

  • Rhynal cortex
  • Perirhynal cortex
  • Hippocampus (*)
  • Amygdala


REM periods increase their frequency during

  • Early phase of sleep
  • Middle phase of sleep
  • Late phase of sleep (*)
  • The frequency is constant


The smarties task has been developed to investigate

  • Theory of mind (*)
  • Empathy
  • Interoceptive awareness
  • Self reflection


Intracranial Self stimulation (ICSS) has been used to study

  • Mirror Neuron
  • Pleasure centers (*)
  • Circadian Rhythms
  • Epilepsy


Object recognition in animal experiments is studied with

  • Morris water maze test
  • Radial arm maze test
  • Mumby box (*)
  • Pinel box


Which famous patient has been intensively investigated for his memory problems

  • Phineas Gage
  • HM (*)
  • Anna O
  • LB


Which of these questionnaires doesn’t assess attachment style

  • IRI (*)
  • ECR
  • RSQ
  • AAI


The carousel apparatus has been used to study

  • spatial memory
  • anxiety
  • sleep deprivation (*)
  • stress